Ciba 9: Dyeing and Tanning in Classical Antiquity

sRGB colour #990024, . potash . John Edmonds . ancient Egyptian Papyrus of Anastasi . same methods . Near East and ancient Mexico . Zelia Nuttall c . murex fishing and dyeing with genuine purple are attested for Egypt in the tenth to 13th centuries . came to an abrupt end with the sack of Constantinople in 1204, . at least the 18th century BC . Coppa Nevigata in southern Italy . during the Middle Minoan period in the 20th–18th century BC . before the Tyrians . Minoans . Crete . rple-red dye of . B. brand . e indigo dye of H. trunculus . snails were collected in large vats and left to decompose . after carding it, it is thrown in again . lie in soak for five hours . he colour is found to satisfy . until . still kept on the boi . is plunged into it . a fleece . tenth day, . e, and with it the flesh . skimmed from time to tim . which communicates with the furnace . vessel is placed at the end of a long funnel . moderate heat; . hundred amphoræ ought to be boiled down to five hundred pounds of dye . boil in vessels of tin [or lead] . three days, . leave them to steep . [about 20 fl. oz.] about to every hundred pounds of juice. . add salt . hypobranchial gland] is extracted . before spring . Pliny the Elder . History of Animals . Aristotle . improved rather than faded as the dyed cloth aged . Murex trunculus . Hexaplex trunculus . The Phoenicians . Iles Purpuraires at Mogador, in Morocco. . an indigo dye,
The Gauls used whortleberry . Purple could be produced from certain lichens or first dyeing using red (madder) and then overdyeing using blue (woad).
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